The photograph shows Richbourg Gailliard, assistant to the director of the Federal Museum and also a well-known Mobile, Alabama artist, posing with the bell rack invention. This contraption was used by Alabama slave owners to guard runaway slaves. This rack was originally topped by a bell which rang when the runaway attempted to leave the road and go through foliage or trees. It was attached around the neck as shown in the picture. A belt was passed through the loop at the bottom to hold the iron rod firmly fastened to the waist of the wearer.
Bell Rack for Runaway Slaves
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