Facts on the American Bison
- On the plains, before European settlement and the introduction of horses, American Indians preferred to kill bison by chasing them off cliffs.
- In North America, Bison are the heaviest land animal, average weight varies between 900 to 2,000 pounds.
- It has been reported that bison can jump as high as six feet off the ground.
- Female Bison are call cows while male bison are called bulls.
- According to National Geographic, “[d]uring the 19th century, settlers killed some 50 million bison for food, sport, and to deprive Native Americans of their most important natural asset. The once enormous herds were reduced to only a few hundred animals. Today, bison numbers have rebounded somewhat, and about 200,000 bison live on preserves and ranches where they are raised for their meat.”
- Bison can run up to 40 mph.
- In the wild, the average life span of a bison ranges between 12-20 years. In capitivty this can increase by ten years.